Share buybacks increase demand and value for a company's stock, providing investors with a return on their investment. Since share buybacks generally strengthen a company's financial health, these programs can increase interest from institutional investors, thereby increasing demand for shares.
Share buybacks can also increase or stabilize share prices because the buyback company is the source of demand for the shares. Share buybacks can reduce the total supply of shares on the open market, meaning that each shareholder can own a larger percentage of Company A's shares than they did before the buyback.
The company withdraws the repurchased shares or keeps them as its own shares available for reissue. In other words, the company permanently withdraws its shares from circulation or stores them for resale on the market in the future.
In most countries, a company can buy back its shares by distributing cash to existing shareholders in exchange for a portion of the company's outstanding capital; that is, money is exchanged for a reduction in the number of shares outstanding. Instead of allowing the exercise to reduce ownership for existing shareholders, companies can buy back shares to offset share options. By repurchasing shares of its stock from the market, a company can transfer some of its cash savings to shareholders.
Companies with excess liquidity sometimes choose to buy back shares. Since the company's value remains unchanged, the result of a buyback is usually an increase in the share price. and thus, stabilization of share prices for the benefit of all investors.